Title: Experimental results on Thermal boundary resistance for Niobium and for Niobium sputtered Copper
Author: Enzo Palmieri
Abstract: Unless of a few eclectic scientists that have studied the problem of Kapitza resistance, a superconducting cavity is almost always seen as an adiabatic system of the electromagnetic fields interacting with a Niobium sheet cooled at 4,2K or at temperatures between 1,8K and 2 K. In this talk it will be shown that the real system to consider is that of Electromagnetic fields, Niobium and liquid Helium.
And liquid Helium is a component much more complex than an infinite heat exchanger at fixed temperature. Even at superfluid temperatures indeed, at the interface between Helium and the superfluid, it will be always a nanometric thick layer of normal helium and the thickness of this layer depends on the RF power.
Niobium sputtered cavities will be also examined under the point of view of thermal boundary Resistance, arriving to the conclusion that more advanced comprehension of SRF cannot prescind from a deep understanding of Cryogenics